Spring集成JavaMail并利用线程池发送邮件

Java框架

浏览数:105

2019-10-11

AD:资源代下载服务

  我们系统存在大量发送邮件的需求,项目使用的是Spring框架而JavaMail也能很好的跟Spring进行集成,由于发送邮件最好还是使用异步进行发送,所以这里就采用线程池+JavaMail进行邮件发送,下面看具体代码实现:

  Step1、引入JavaMail

<mail.version>1.4.7</mail.version>
<dependency>
      <groupId>javax.mail</groupId>
      <artifactId>mail</artifactId>
      <version>${mail.version}</version>
</dependency>

  Step2、Spring配置文件中配置MailSender和线程池

 <!--MailSender-->
    <bean id="javaMailSender" class="org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSenderImpl">
        <property name="host" value="${email.host}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${email.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${email.password}"/>
        <property name="javaMailProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="mail.smtp.auth">true</prop>
                <prop key="mail.smtp.timeout">25000</prop>
                <!--
                <prop key="mail.smtp.starttls.enable">true</prop>
                <prop key="mail.smtp.socketFactory.class">javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory</prop>
                -->
            </props>
        </property>
    </bean>


    <!--配置线程池-->
    <bean id="taskExecutor" class="org.springframework.scheduling.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskExecutor">
        <!-- 核心线程数 -->
        <property name="corePoolSize" value="${executor.corePoolSize}" />
        <!-- 最大线程数 -->
        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="${executor.maxPoolSize}" />
        <!-- 最大队列数 -->
        <property name="queueCapacity" value="${executor.queueCapacity}" />
        <!-- 线程池维护线程所允许的空闲时间 -->
        <property name="keepAliveSeconds" value="${executor.keepAliveSeconds}" />
    </bean>

  Step3、新建邮件实体类,方便业务处理

import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;

import javax.mail.internet.AddressException;
import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * <p>
 * <code>MailEntry</code>
 * </p>
 * Description:
 * 邮件实体类
 * @author jianzh5
 * @version 2017/3/31 17:00
 * @since 1.0
 */
public class MailEntry {
    /**
     * 收件人
     */
    private String[] recipients;
    /**
     * 抄送人
     */
    private String[] carbonCopy;
    /**
     * 主题
     */
    private String subject;
    /**
     * 内容
     */
    private String text;

    public String getSubject() {
        return subject;
    }

    public void setSubject(String subject) {
        this.subject = subject;
    }

    public String getText() {
        return text;
    }

    public void setText(String text) {
        this.text = text;
    }

    public String[] getRecipients() {
        return recipients.clone();
    }

    public void setRecipients(String[] recipients) throws AddressException {
        Assert.isTrue(ArrayUtils.isNotEmpty(recipients),"收件人不能为空");
        String[] addresses = new String[recipients.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < addresses.length; i++) {
            addresses[i] = parseAddress(recipients[i]);
        }
        this.recipients = addresses;
    }

    public String[] getCarbonCopy() {
        if(ArrayUtils.isNotEmpty(carbonCopy)){
            return carbonCopy.clone();
        }
        return ArrayUtils.EMPTY_STRING_ARRAY;
    }

    public void setCarbonCopy(String[] carbonCopy) throws AddressException {
        String[] addresses = new String[carbonCopy.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < addresses.length; i++) {
            addresses[i] = parseAddress(carbonCopy[i]);
        }
        this.carbonCopy = addresses;
    }

    /**
     * @desc 只要设定邮件接受人的域账号即可自动增加企业后缀
     * @author jianzh5
     * @date 2017/4/1 13:43
     * @param recipient 收件人域账号
     * @return 带企业后缀的邮箱地址
     * @throws AddressException
     */
    private String parseAddress(String recipient) throws AddressException {
        if(StringUtils.isEmpty(recipient)){
            throw new AddressException("邮箱账号不能为空",recipient);
        }
        return recipient + "@company.com";
    }

    @Override public String toString() {
        return "MailEntry{" +
                "recipients=" + Arrays.toString(recipients) +
                ", carbonCopy=" + Arrays.toString(carbonCopy) +
                ", subject='" + subject + '\'' +
                ", text='" + text + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

  说明:由于我们是使用企业邮箱发送邮件,而一般业务都只能取到公司用户名而非真正的邮箱地址,所以在上面实体类里进行了一次转换,如果能直接拿到邮箱地址的话上面的转换是不需要的。收件人和抄送人都是支持数组形式的参数,所以在这里直接使用数组作为收件人、抄送人属性,发送邮件的时候只要直接设置成数组参数即可。

  Step4、发送邮件业务层实现

import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
import org.springframework.core.task.TaskExecutor;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSender;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

/**
 * <p>
 * <code>MailServiceImpl</code>
 * </p>
 * Description:
 * 邮件系统实现类
 * @author jianzh5
 * @version 2017/3/31 17:10
 * @since 1.0
 */

@Service
public class MailServiceImpl implements IMailService{
    private LoggerUtil logger = LoggerUtil.getLogger(this.getClass());

    @Resource
    private TaskExecutor taskExecutor;
    @Resource
    private JavaMailSender javaMailSender;



    @Override
    public void sendMail(MailEntry mailEntry) {
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();
        try {
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true, "utf-8");
            helper.setFrom("xxx@company.com");
            helper.setTo(mailEntry.getRecipients()); //收件人
            if(ArrayUtils.isNotEmpty(mailEntry.getCarbonCopy())){
                helper.setCc(mailEntry.getCarbonCopy()); //抄送人
            }
            helper.setSubject(mailEntry.getSubject());
            helper.setText(mailEntry.getText(),true);//设置为TRUE则可以使用Html标记
            addSendMailTask(message);
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
//            e.printStackTrace();
            logger.error("邮件转换异常,邮件详细信息为{}",e.getMessage());
        }


    }

    /**
     * @desc 使用多线程发送邮件
     * @author jianzh5
     * @date 2017/4/1 11:41
     * @param message MimeMessage邮件封装类
     */
    private void addSendMailTask(final MimeMessage message){
        try{
            taskExecutor.execute(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    javaMailSender.send(message);
                }
            });
        }catch (Exception e){
            logger.error("邮件发送异常,邮件详细信息为{}",e.getMessage());
        }

    }
}

 

作者:张坚