使用Gitee和Hexo创建自己的博客

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2019-9-14

一、安装Git与Node

(一) 安装Git

  • 在Windows下安装Git:

    在Windows上安装Git较为简单,因此不过多叙述。

  • 在Linux下安装Git:

    使用Linux包管理工具进行安装,例如Yum,sudo yum install git

  • 在Mac下安装Git:

    Git在Mac下既可以通过GUI的方式来安装也可以通过Command的方式来安装,使用Homebrew进行安装:sudo brew install git。如果没有安装HomBrew,可以参考 https://brew.sh/index_zh-cn

  • Git代理相关:

    • 查看当前的代理设置:

      git config --global http.proxy
      git config --global https.proxy
    • 设置当前代理:

      git config --global http.proxy 'http://127.0.0.1:1080'
      git config --global https.proxy 'http://127.0.0.1:1080'

      或者:

      git config --global http.proxy 'socks5://127.0.0.1:1080'
      git config --global https.proxy 'socks5://127.0.0.1:1080'
    • 删除代理:

      git config --global --unset http.proxy
      git config --global --unset https.proxy

(二) 安装Node

  • 在Windows下安装Node:

    在Windows上安装Node较为简单,因此不过多叙述。

  • 在Linux上安装Node:

    • 到NodeJs官方网站下载Linux系统的tar.gz压缩文件

    • 将文件解压到指定的目录, 这里以/home/blue/applications目录为例

      tar -xvf node-v10.16.0-linux-x64.tar.xz
      mv node-v10.16.0 /home/blue/applications
      ln -s /home/blue/applications/node /home/blue/applications/node
    • 修改可执行文件的权限:

      chmod -R 755 /home/blue/applications/node-v10.16.0
      chmod -R 755 /home/blue/applications/node
    • 执行测试

      node -v
      npm -v
  • 在Mac上安装Node:

    Node为Mac提供了GUI方式, 但是我们还可以通过HomeBrew来安装:

    sudo brew install node
  • Node相关设置:

    • 设置使用阿里NPM源:

      npm config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org --global
      npm config set disturl https://npm.taobao.org/dist --global

      下面是Yarn的配置(必须安装Yarn以后):

      yarn config set registry 'https://registry.npm.taobao.org'
    • 设置NPM缓存:

      npm config set prefix "/home/blue/applications/cache/node/prefix"
      npm config set cache "/home/blue/applications/cache/node/cache"

      还需要将/home/blue/applications/cache/node/prefix添加到PATH环境变量

    • 使用Yarn:

      npm install -g yarn

二、创建远程仓库与安装Hexo

  • 安装Hexo:sudo npm install -g hexo

  • 安装必要的插件:npm install hexo-renderer-jade hexo-renderer-stylus --save

  • 创建本地仓库

    cd ~/Code
    mkdir bluemiaomiao
    cd bluemiaomiao
    hexo init
    git init
  • 创建远程仓库

    git add remote origin <YOUR_GIT_REPO_ADDRESS>
  • 安装主题

    git clone -b master https://github.com/jerryc127/hexo-theme-butterfly.git themes/Butterfly
    rm -rf /themes/landscape
  • Hexo的配置 _config.yml

    # 配置网站的标题
    title: 爱吃糖的蓝胖子de官方博客
    # 配置网站的子标题
    subtitle: bluemiaomiao.github.io
    # 配置网站的表述信息
    description: 一个Sre攻城狮的奋斗历程
    keywords:
    # 配置网站的作者名称
    author: BlueMiaomiao
    # 配置网站的语言为中文
    language: zh-CN
    # 配置网站的时区为中国北京时间
    timezone: Asia/Shanghai
    
    # 配置站点发布的URL地址
    url: http://bluemiaomiao.github.io
    root: /
    permalink: :year/:month/:day/:title/
    permalink_defaults:
    
    source_dir: source
    # 配置静态文件的生成目录,在Gitee部署时需要使用
    public_dir: docs
    tag_dir: tags
    archive_dir: archives
    category_dir: categories
    code_dir: downloads/code
    i18n_dir: :lang
    skip_render:
    
    new_post_name: :title.md
    default_layout: post
    titlecase: false
    external_link: true
    filename_case: 0
    render_drafts: false
    post_asset_folder: false
    relative_link: false
    future: true
    highlight:
    enable: true
    line_number: true
    auto_detect: false
    tab_replace:
    
    index_generator:
    path: ''
    per_page: 10
    order_by: -date
    
    default_category: uncategorized
    category_map:
    tag_map:
    
    date_format: YYYY-MM-DD
    time_format: HH:mm:ss
    
    per_page: 10
    pagination_dir: page
    
    # 配置使用的主题
    theme: Butterfly
    
    deploy:
    type:
  • 主题的配置

    mkdir source/_data
    cp themes/Butterfly/_config.yml source/_data/_butterfly.yml
    menu:
    主页: /||fa fa-home
    时间轴: /archives/||fa fa-archive
    标签: /tags/||fa fa-tags
    分类: /categories/||fa fa-folder-open
    友链: /link/||fa fa-link
    关于: /about/||fa fa-heart
    
    favicon: /img/favicon.ico
    
    highlight_theme: pale night
    highlight_copy: true
    
    code_word_wrap: true
    
    social:
    fa fa-home: https://bluemiaomiao.gitee.io/
    fa fa-github: https://github.com/bluemiaomiao
    fa fa-gitlab: https://gitee.com/bluemiaomiao
    fa fa-plane: https://blog.51cto.com/xvjunjie
    fa fa-rocket: https://www.cnblogs.com/bluemiaomiao
    fa fa-rss: https://blog.nowcoder.net/bluemiaomiao
    
    algolia_search:
    enable: false
    hits:
        per_page: 6
    
    labels:
        input_placeholder: Search for Posts
        hits_empty: "We didn't find any results for the search: ${query}" # if there are no result
        hits_stats: "${hits} results found in ${time} ms"
    
    local_search:
    enable: false
    labels:
        input_placeholder: Search for Posts
        hits_empty: "We didn't find any results for the search: ${query}" # if there are no result
    
    mathjax:
    enable: false
    cdn: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/mathjax/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML
    
    katex:
    enable: false
    cdn:
        css: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/katex@latest/dist/katex.min.css  
    hide_scrollbar: true
    
    google_analytics:
    
    stylesheets:
    - /css/index.css
    
    scripts:
    - /js/utils.js
    - /js/main.js
    
    cdn:
    css:
        fontawesome: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/font-awesome@latest/css/font-awesome.min.css
        googlefont: https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Titillium+Web
        fancybox: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@fancyapps/fancybox@latest/dist/jquery.fancybox.min.css
    js:
        jquery: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/jquery@latest/dist/jquery.min.js
        fancybox: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@fancyapps/fancybox@latest/dist/jquery.fancybox.min.js
        js-cookies: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/js-cookie@2/src/js.cookie.min.js
        lozy: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/lozad/dist/lozad.min.js
    
    avatar: /img/avatar.png
    
    top_img: /img/year-28.jpg
    
    post_img: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/jerryc127/CDN@latest/Photo/post.png
    
    default_cover: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/jerryc127/CDN@latest/cover/default_bg.png
    
    archive_img: https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/jerryc127/CDN@latest/Photo/archive.jpg
    
    lodding_bg:
    flink: /img/friend_404.gif
    post_page: /img/404.jpg
    
    post_meta:
    date_type: both 
    categories: true 
    tags: true
    
    wordcount:
    enable: true
    
    toc:
    enable: true
    number: false
    
    auto_open_sidebar:
    enable: false
    
    post_copyright:
    enable: true
    license: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
    license_url: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
    
    auto_excerpt:
    enable: true
    length: 150
    
    addThis:
    enable: false
    pubid:
    
    sharejs:
    enable: true
    sites: facebook,twitter,wechat,weibo,qq
    
    addtoany:
    enable: false
    item:
        - facebook
        - twitter
        - wechat
        - sina_weibo
        - facebook_messenger
        - email
        - copy_link
    
    disqus:
    enable: false
    shortname: 
    
    valine:
    enable: false
    appId:   
    appKey:   
    notify: false 
    verify: false 
    pageSize: 10 
    avatar: monsterid 
    lang: en # i18n: zh-cn/en/tw
    placeholder: Please leave your footprints
    guest_info: nick,mail,link
    
    since: 2016
    
    footer_custom_text: 技术成就梦想, 实力铸就辉煌
    
    footer_copyright:
    enable: true
    
    ICP:
    enable: false
    url: 
    text:
    
    # 关闭数据统计功能
    busuanzi:
    site_uv: false
    site_pv: false
    page_pv: false
    
    google_site_verification:
    
    bing_site_verification:
    
    baidu_site_verification:
    
    qihu_site_verification:
    
    # 友情链接基础信息
    Flink:
    headline: 友情链接
    info_headline: 开始认识博主
    name: BlueMiaomiao
    address: bluemiaomiao.gitee.io
    avatar: https://jerryc.me/img/avatar.png
    info: 技术成就梦想, 实力铸就辉煌
    comment: 添加友链请留言
    
    # 是否显示整站运行的时间
    runtimeshow:
    enable: true
    start_date: 12/02/2016 12:30:00
    
    # 是否支持夜间模式
    nightshift:
    enable: true
    
    activate_power_mode:
    enable: false
    
    # 网站公告
    announcement:
    content: 博主邮箱:18254382067@163.com/xv2017@outlook.com
    
    # 是否打开文章赞赏功能
    reward:
    enable: true
    QR_code:
        - itemlist:
            img: /img/wechat-me.jpg
            text: 微信
        - itemlist:
            img: /img/alipay-me.jpg
            text: 支付宝
    
    # 文章自动推荐功能
    related_post:
    enable: false
    limit: 6
    
    canvas_ribbon:
    enable: false
    size: 150
    alpha: 0.6
    zIndex: -1
    click_to_change: false
    
    # 开启背景飘带功能
    canvas_ribbon_piao:
    enable: true
    
    # 避免网址重复SEO
    canonical: true
    
    # 禁止百度转码
    disable_baidu_transformation: true
    
    twitter_meta: true
    Open_Graph_meta: true
    
    # 阅读模式
    readmode:
    enable: true
    
    # 开启字体支持
    font:
    enable: false
    font-family: Lato, Helvetica Neue For Number, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, Segoe UI, Roboto, PingFang SC, Hiragino Sans GB,"Microsoft JhengHei", "MicrMicrosoft YaHei", Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif
    code-font: consolas, Menlo, "PingFang SC", "Microsoft JhengHei","Microsoft YaHei", monospace, Helvetica Neue For Number
    
    # 水平分割线
    hr:
    enable: true
    icon: '\f21c'
    icon-top: -20px
    
    # 主页子标题
    subtitle: 
    enable: true
    sub1: 技术成就梦想, 实力铸就辉煌
    sub2: bluemiaomiao.gitee.io
    
    # 侧边功能模块设置
    aside:
    card_author: true
    card_announcement: true
    card_recent_post: true
    card_categories: true
    card_tags: true
    card_archives: true
    card_webinfo: false
    
    # 中文繁体假体自动转换
    translate:
    enable: true
    # 默认显示的语言
    default: 简
    #网站默认语言,1: 繁體中文, 2: 简体中文
    defaultEncoding: 2
    #延迟时间,若不在前, 要设定延迟翻译时间, 如100表示100ms,默认为0
    translateDelay: 0
    #博客网址
    cookieDomain: "https://bluemiaomiao.gitee.io/"
    #当文字是简体时,按钮的文本
    msgToTraditionalChinese: "繁"
    #当文字是繁体时,按钮的文本
    msgToSimplifiedChinese: "简"
    
    # 鼠标点击效果
    fireworks:
    enable: true
    
    #百度推送
    baidu_push:
    enable: false
  • 主题安装配置文档:https://jerryc.me/posts/21cfbf15/

  • 生成静态页面:hexo g

  • 预览静态页面:hexo s

  • 发布静态页面:

    git add .
    git commit -m "init"
    git push origin masters
  • 创建与gitee用户名相同的代码仓库,启用Gitee Pages服务,发布master分支的docs目录

  • 使用浏览器访问:

    作者:BlueMiaomiao