xmanager 连接centos 7桌面

服务器

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2019-7-23

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1、前言

  工作中服务器有时候需要图形处理一些事物,那么这个时候就需要远程连接方式,XDMCP,VNC,RDP,我今天介绍一下xdmp怎么使用与配置(x display manager control protocol)

2、准备工作

  centos 7主机

  windows主机

  保持网络互通

  测试请关闭防火墙及selinux

3、linux上需要安装lightdm

  yum install lightdm

  

 1 Dependencies Resolved
 2 
 3 ==================================================================================
 4  Package                   Arch          Version                Repository   Size
 5 ==================================================================================
 6 Installing:
 7  lightdm                   x86_64        1.25.0-1.el7           epel        216 k
 8 Installing for dependencies:
 9  lightdm-gobject           x86_64        1.25.0-1.el7           epel         67 k
10  lightdm-gtk               x86_64        1.8.5-19.el7           epel         58 k
11  lightdm-gtk-common        noarch        1.8.5-19.el7           epel         57 k
12 Updating for dependencies:
13  glib2                     x86_64        2.54.2-2.el7           base        2.4 M
14 
15 Transaction Summary
16 ==================================================================================
17 Install  1 Package  (+3 Dependent packages)
18 Upgrade             ( 1 Dependent package)
19 
20 Total size: 2.8 M
21 Total download size: 398 k
22 Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
23 Downloading packages:
24 (1/4): lightdm-1.25.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                     | 216 kB  00:00:00     
25 (2/4): lightdm-gobject-1.25.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm             |  67 kB  00:00:00     
26 (3/4): lightdm-gtk-1.8.5-19.el7.x86_64.rpm                 |  58 kB  00:00:00     
27 (4/4): lightdm-gtk-common-1.8.5-19.el7.noarch.rpm          |  57 kB  00:00:00     
28 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
29 Total                                                383 kB/s | 398 kB  00:01     
30 Running transaction check
31 Running transaction test
32 Transaction test succeeded
33 Running transaction
34   Updating   : glib2-2.54.2-2.el7.x86_64                                      1/6 
35   Installing : lightdm-gtk-common-1.8.5-19.el7.noarch                         2/6 
36   Installing : lightdm-gobject-1.25.0-1.el7.x86_64                            3/6 
37   Installing : lightdm-1.25.0-1.el7.x86_64                                    4/6 
38   Installing : lightdm-gtk-1.8.5-19.el7.x86_64                                5/6 
39   Cleanup    : glib2-2.46.2-4.el7.x86_64                                      6/6 
40   Verifying  : lightdm-gtk-common-1.8.5-19.el7.noarch                                                           1/6 
41   Verifying  : lightdm-1.25.0-1.el7.x86_64                                                                      2/6 
42   Verifying  : glib2-2.54.2-2.el7.x86_64                                                                        3/6 
43   Verifying  : lightdm-gobject-1.25.0-1.el7.x86_64                                                              4/6 
44   Verifying  : lightdm-gtk-1.8.5-19.el7.x86_64                                                                  5/6 
45   Verifying  : glib2-2.46.2-4.el7.x86_64                                                                        6/6 
46 
47 Installed:
48   lightdm.x86_64 0:1.25.0-1.el7                                                                                     
49 
50 Dependency Installed:
51   lightdm-gobject.x86_64 0:1.25.0-1.el7 lightdm-gtk.x86_64 0:1.8.5-19.el7 lightdm-gtk-common.noarch 0:1.8.5-19.el7
52 
53 Dependency Updated:
54   glib2.x86_64 0:2.54.2-2.el7                                                                                       
55 
56 Complete!

4、配置lightdm

  备份:

  cp /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf{,.backup}

  vim /etc/loghtdm/lightdm.conf

  

 1 [XDMCPServer]
 2 enabled=true
 3 port=177
 4 
 5 
 6 #enabled=false
 7 #port=177
 8 #listen-address=
 9 #key=
10 #hostname=

5、更改默认显示管理器,启动服务

1 [root@node5 named]# systemctl disable gdm
2 Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/display-manager.service.
3 [root@node5 named]# systemctl enable lightdm
4 Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/display-manager.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/lightdm.service.
5 [root@node5 named]# systemctl start lightdm

6、可以安装xfce强两级桌面环境

  yum groupinstall xfce

  小问题:有些人说groupinstall出错,请检查网络和epel源,我这里也出错后来发现是网络dns问题

  可以先看看看yum grouplist  列表里面有没有xfce组

7、windows上打开xstart 输入配置,运行查看效果

  

 

  

  

最后看一下 监听端口,就是我们之前设置的177

1 [root@web1 yum.repos.d]# ss -tunlop |grep 177 
2 udp    UNCONN     0      0         *:51773                 *:*                   users:(("dhclient",pid=124915,fd=20))
3 udp    UNCONN     0      0         *:177                   *:*                   users:(("lightdm",pid=125530,fd=11))
4 udp    UNCONN     0      0        :::177                  :::*                   users:(("lightdm",pid=125530,fd=12))
5 You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root
6 [root@web1 yum.repos.d]# vim /etc/

转载请注明出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhangxingeng/p/10033398.html 

作者:乐章