Hive1.1.0中一个BUG的记录分析

Java基础

浏览数:243

2019-7-2

   最近在工作中,使用CASE WHEN语句的时候,总是出现异常,查看日志是由于数组超界。不知所以然,然后进行了一步步分析,发现这是hive本身的bug,分享出来,一是为了记录,二是想让大家共同看看,欢迎指正。

  • 使用的是CDH5.14.0版本。
  • CDH5.14.0使用的HIVE版本

     

  • 自建日志表log:
+----------------------------------------------------+--+
|                   createtab_stmt                   |
+----------------------------------------------------+--+
| CREATE TABLE `log`(                                |
|   `mandt` char(3),                                 |
|   `zdate` char(10),                                |
|   `ztime` char(8),                                 |
|   `zguid` char(20),                                |
|   `ztype` char(1),                                 |
|   `zfuncname` varchar(30),                         |
|   `zseq` varchar(2),                               |
|   `xmldata` string,                                |
|   `xmldata2` string,                               |
|   `field1` varchar(20),                            |
|   `field2` varchar(20),                            |
|   `field3` varchar(20),                            |
|   `field4` varchar(20))                            |
| CLUSTERED BY (                                     |
|   zdate)                                           |
| INTO 12 BUCKETS                                    |
| ROW FORMAT SERDE                                   |
|   'org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.orc.OrcSerde'      |
| WITH SERDEPROPERTIES (                             |
|   'field.delim'='\t',                              |
|   'serialization.format'='\t')                     |
| STORED AS INPUTFORMAT                              |
|   'org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.orc.OrcInputFormat'  |
| OUTPUTFORMAT                                       |
|   'org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.orc.OrcOutputFormat' |
| LOCATION                                           |
|   'hdfs://hserver1n:8020/user/hive/warehouse/sap.db/log' |
| TBLPROPERTIES (                                    |
|   'COLUMN_STATS_ACCURATE'='true',                  |
|   'compactor.mapreduce.map.memory.mb'='1024',      |
|   'compactorthreshold.hive.compactor.delta.num.threshold'='4',  |
|   'compactorthreshold.hive.compactor.delta.pct.threshold'='0.5',  |
|   'last_modified_by'='hdfs',                       |
|   'last_modified_time'='1522318887',               |
|   'numFiles'='14',                                 |
|   'numRows'='1000000',                             |
|   'rawDataSize'='0',                               |
|   'totalSize'='135774020',                         |
|   'transactional'='true',                          |
|   'transient_lastDdlTime'='1522393096')            |
+----------------------------------------------------+--+
41 rows selected (0.105 seconds)

此表共有13个字段,存储格式是 ORC列式存储,共有12个桶,并启用了事务。

  • 查询语句:
select zdate,case zdate when '2013.07.23' then 'a' else 'b' end as zfunc from log limit 1;
  • 错误描述(日志太长,部分省略):

Log Type: syslog


Log Upload Time: Tue Apr 03 17:09:14 +0800 2018


Log Length: 80385


2018-04-03 17:08:36,788 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator: Initializing Self MAP[4]
2018-04-03 17:08:36,788 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator: Initializing Self TS[0]
2018-04-03 17:08:36,788 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator: Operator 0 TS initialized
2018-04-03 17:08:36,788 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator: Initializing children of 0 TS
2018-04-03 17:08:36,788 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: Initializing child 1 SEL
2018-04-03 17:08:36,788 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: Initializing Self SEL[1]
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: Operator 1 SEL initialized
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: Initializing children of 1 SEL
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: Initializing child 2 LIM
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: Initializing Self LIM[2]
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: Operator 2 LIM initialized
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: Initializing children of 2 LIM
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: Initializing child 3 FS
2018-04-03 17:08:36,792 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: Initializing Self FS[3]
2018-04-03 17:08:36,793 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.deprecation: mapred.task.id is deprecated. Instead, use mapreduce.task.attempt.id
2018-04-03 17:08:36,908 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.FileSinkOperator: Using serializer : class org.apache.hadoop.hive.serde2.lazy.LazySimpleSerDe[[[B@5d13d4e]:[_col0, _col1]:[char(10), string]] and formatter : org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.HiveIgnoreKeyTextOutputFormat@7e1b4e9d
2018-04-03 17:08:36,908 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.deprecation: mapred.healthChecker.script.timeout is deprecated. Instead, use mapreduce.tasktracker.healthchecker.script.timeout
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: Operator 3 FS initialized
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: Initialization Done 3 FS
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.deprecation: mapred.task.is.map is deprecated. Instead, use mapreduce.task.ismap
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: Initialization Done 2 LIM
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: Initialization Done 1 SEL
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator: Initialization Done 0 TS
2018-04-03 17:08:36,909 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator: Initialization Done 4 MAP
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 FATAL [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.mr.ExecMapper: org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: Hive Runtime Error while processing row 
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator.process(VectorMapOperator.java:52)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.mr.ExecMapper.map(ExecMapper.java:170)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapRunner.run(MapRunner.java:54)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.runOldMapper(MapTask.java:459)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.run(MapTask.java:343)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild$2.run(YarnChild.java:164)
	at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
	at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:415)
	at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1917)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild.main(YarnChild.java:158)
Caused by: org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: Error evaluating CASE (zfuncname) WHEN ('ZFI_VENDOR_TO_CRM') THEN ('a') ELSE ('b') END
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator.processOp(VectorSelectOperator.java:126)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.Operator.forward(Operator.java:815)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator.processOp(TableScanOperator.java:98)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.MapOperator$MapOpCtx.forward(MapOperator.java:157)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator.process(VectorMapOperator.java:45)
	... 9 more
Caused by: java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: 13
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.udf.VectorUDFAdaptor.evaluate(VectorUDFAdaptor.java:117)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator.processOp(VectorSelectOperator.java:124)
	... 13 more

2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator: 4 finished. closing... 
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator: RECORDS_IN:0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator: DESERIALIZE_ERRORS:0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator: 0 finished. closing... 
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: 1 finished. closing... 
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: 2 finished. closing... 
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: 3 finished. closing... 
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.FileSinkOperator: FS[3]: records written - 0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,231 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.FileSinkOperator: Final Path: FS hdfs://hserver1n:8020/tmp/hive/hdfs/e62bf883-074a-44b2-8b04-2b69d4475a66/hive_2018-04-03_17-08-17_236_6563852616584890762-25/-mr-10000/.hive-staging_hive_2018-04-03_17-08-17_236_6563852616584890762-25/_tmp.-ext-10001/000000_0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,232 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.FileSinkOperator: Writing to temp file: FS hdfs://hserver1n:8020/tmp/hive/hdfs/e62bf883-074a-44b2-8b04-2b69d4475a66/hive_2018-04-03_17-08-17_236_6563852616584890762-25/-mr-10000/.hive-staging_hive_2018-04-03_17-08-17_236_6563852616584890762-25/_task_tmp.-ext-10001/_tmp.000000_0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,232 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.FileSinkOperator: New Final Path: FS hdfs://hserver1n:8020/tmp/hive/hdfs/e62bf883-074a-44b2-8b04-2b69d4475a66/hive_2018-04-03_17-08-17_236_6563852616584890762-25/-mr-10000/.hive-staging_hive_2018-04-03_17-08-17_236_6563852616584890762-25/_tmp.-ext-10001/000000_0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,623 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: RECORDS_OUT_0:0
2018-04-03 17:08:38,623 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorFileSinkOperator: 3 Close done
2018-04-03 17:08:38,623 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorLimitOperator: 2 Close done
2018-04-03 17:08:38,623 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator: 1 Close done
2018-04-03 17:08:38,623 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator: 0 Close done
2018-04-03 17:08:38,623 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator: 4 Close done
2018-04-03 17:08:38,624 WARN [main] org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild: Exception running child : java.lang.RuntimeException: org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: Hive Runtime Error while processing row 
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.mr.ExecMapper.map(ExecMapper.java:179)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapRunner.run(MapRunner.java:54)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.runOldMapper(MapTask.java:459)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.run(MapTask.java:343)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild$2.run(YarnChild.java:164)
	at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
	at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:415)
	at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1917)
	at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild.main(YarnChild.java:158)
Caused by: org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: Hive Runtime Error while processing row 
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator.process(VectorMapOperator.java:52)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.mr.ExecMapper.map(ExecMapper.java:170)
	... 8 more
Caused by: org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: Error evaluating CASE (zfuncname) WHEN ('ZFI_VENDOR_TO_CRM') THEN ('a') ELSE ('b') END
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator.processOp(VectorSelectOperator.java:126)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.Operator.forward(Operator.java:815)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TableScanOperator.processOp(TableScanOperator.java:98)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.MapOperator$MapOpCtx.forward(MapOperator.java:157)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorMapOperator.process(VectorMapOperator.java:45)
	... 9 more
Caused by: java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: 13
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.udf.VectorUDFAdaptor.evaluate(VectorUDFAdaptor.java:117)
	at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.vector.VectorSelectOperator.processOp(VectorSelectOperator.java:124)
	... 13 more

2018-04-03 17:08:39,369 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.mapred.Task: Runnning cleanup for the task
2018-04-03 17:08:39,496 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.metrics2.impl.MetricsSystemImpl: Stopping MapTask metrics system...
2018-04-03 17:08:39,496 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.metrics2.impl.MetricsSystemImpl: MapTask metrics system stopped.
2018-04-03 17:08:39,496 INFO [main] org.apache.hadoop.metrics2.impl.MetricsSystemImpl: MapTask metrics system shutdown complete.
 

错误分析:

日志给出的错误原因是13超过了数组的边界,猜想是系统认为总共有12桶,超过了桶的个数,故报错,后面进行验证。

故一步步排除,首先创建了一个简单的表:

0: jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000> create table log2(
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> mandt char(3),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> zdate char(10),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> ztime char(8),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> zguid char(20),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> ztype char(1),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> zfuncname varchar(30),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> zseq varchar(2),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> xmldata string,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> xmldata2 string,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> field1 varchar(20),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> field2 varchar(20),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> field3 varchar(20),
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> field4 varchar(20))
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .> row format delimited fields terminated by '\t';

然后将log数据库中部分数据导入到此表中,再使用上面查询语句查询(将数据库表名改成新建的表log2),可以得到正确结果。

然后再在上面基础之上使用ORC方式存储,也可以得到正确结果;

然后在ORC基础之上,再使用分桶,也可以得到正确结果,可见并不是分桶的原因;

然后再分桶基础之上,再创建事务表,则会出现错误,可见此错误是由于使用了事务的原因。

为了验证后面的Hive版本是否已解决,下载了apache hive2.3.0版本测试了一下,已没有问题。

作者:单行线的旋律