MultiTigger 绑定异常处理

C#

浏览数:276

2019-6-14

异常产生环境:

在初始化一个窗口后,没有show出来。在此窗口中,有个控件,重写了控件模板,并加了MultiTrigger。

注意:俩个Condition,一个是从外面绑定过来的Tag,一个是ControlTemplate中Element的属性Tag。

因为有时候控件自带的Tag值不够使用,因此需要另一个Tag来支持Trigger里面的逻辑。

    <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type p:InteractiveButton}">
        <Grid x:Name="RootGrid" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}">
            <Border Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" SnapsToDevicePixels="True">
                <ContentPresenter ContentSource="{TemplateBinding Content}" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}"
                        HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"
                        VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" />
        <Image x:Name="Image5" Visibility="Collapsed" Source="{StaticResource Image.Titlebar.NewMessageNote}"/>
            </Border>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
            <Trigger Property="Tag" Value="Searched">
                <Trigger.EnterActions>
                    <BeginStoryboard>
                        <Storyboard>
                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Image5" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="{x:Static Visibility.Visible}" />
                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="Image5" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Height"
                                             From="2" To="15" Duration="0:0:0.2"></DoubleAnimation>
                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Tag" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Tag">
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0.2" Value="NewMessageAnmation1" />
                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                        </Storyboard>
                    </BeginStoryboard>
                </Trigger.EnterActions>
            </Trigger>
            <Trigger SourceName="RootGrid" Property="Tag" Value="NewMessageAnmation1">
                <Trigger.EnterActions>
                    <BeginStoryboard Name="BreatheStoryboard">
                        <Storyboard DesiredFrameRate="20">
                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="Image5" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Height"
                                             From="10" To="2" RepeatBehavior="Forever" AutoReverse="True" Duration="0:0:0.68"></DoubleAnimation>
                        </Storyboard>
                    </BeginStoryboard>
                </Trigger.EnterActions>
            </Trigger>
            <MultiTrigger>
                <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
                    <Condition Property="Tag" Value="Searching" />
                    <Condition SourceName="RootGrid" Property="Tag" Value="NewMessageAnmation1” />
                </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
                <Setter Property="Background" Value="#F4F4F4" />
            </MultiTrigger>

        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
    </ControlTemplate>
    
    <Button Tag={Binding Type}/>

然后在另一窗口或者后台线程中,添加了PropertyChanged的属性Type,值改变时

        private string _type = string.Empty;
        public string Type
        {
            get { return _type; }
            set
            {
                _type = value;
                RaisePropertyChanged(nameof(Type));
            }
        }

引进上面的MultiTrigger中一个Condition 值变化,但是另一个Condition和Setter(Actions)引用了ControlTemplate中的Eelement,这时会引发

未将对象引用到实例

如上异常,解决方案:

用附加属性替代 SourceName=”RootGrid” Property=”Tag” .即可

    <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type p:InteractiveButton}">
        <Grid x:Name="RootGrid" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}">
            <Border Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" SnapsToDevicePixels="True">
                <ContentPresenter ContentSource="{TemplateBinding Content}" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}"
                        HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"
                        VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" />
        <Image x:Name="Image5" Visibility="Collapsed" Source="{StaticResource Image.Titlebar.NewMessageNote}"/>
            </Border>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
            <Trigger Property="Tag" Value="Searched">
                <Trigger.EnterActions>
                    <BeginStoryboard>
                        <Storyboard>
                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Image5" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="{x:Static Visibility.Visible}" />
                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="Image5" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Height"
                                             From="2" To="15" Duration="0:0:0.2"></DoubleAnimation>
                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(ui:TitlebarHelper.Type)">
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0.2" Value="NewMessageAnmation1" />
                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                        </Storyboard>
                    </BeginStoryboard>
                </Trigger.EnterActions>
            </Trigger>
            <Trigger Property="ui:TitlebarHelper.Type" Value="NewMessageAnmation1">
                <Trigger.EnterActions>
                    <BeginStoryboard Name="BreatheStoryboard">
                        <Storyboard DesiredFrameRate="20">
                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="Image5" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Height"
                                             From="10" To="2" RepeatBehavior="Forever" AutoReverse="True" Duration="0:0:0.68"></DoubleAnimation>
                        </Storyboard>
                    </BeginStoryboard>
                </Trigger.EnterActions>
            </Trigger>
            <MultiTrigger>
                <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
                    <Condition Property="Tag" Value="Searching" />
                    <Condition Property="ui:TitlebarHelper.Type" Value="NewMessageAnmation1” />
                </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
                <Setter Property="Background" Value="#F4F4F4" />
            </MultiTrigger>

        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
    </ControlTemplate>
    
    <Button Tag={Binding Type}/>
    public static class TitlebarTypeHelper
    {
        public static string GetType(DependencyObject obj)
        {
            return (string)obj.GetValue(TypeProperty);
        }

        public static void SetType(DependencyObject obj, string value)
        {
            obj.SetValue(TypeProperty, value);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 附加属性
        /// </summary>
        public static readonly DependencyProperty TypeProperty =
            DependencyProperty.RegisterAttached("Type", typeof(string), typeof(TitlebarTypeHelper),
                new PropertyMetadata(null));
    }

 

作者:唐宋元明清2188