springboot2.x文件上传

Java框架

浏览数:252

2019-5-25

pom包的配置

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

启动项类修改

/**
  * 防止文件大于10M时Tomcat连接重置
  *
  * @return
  */
@Bean
public TomcatServletWebServerFactory tomcatEmbedded() {
    TomcatServletWebServerFactory tomcat = new TomcatServletWebServerFactory();
    tomcat.addConnectorCustomizers((TomcatConnectorCustomizer) connector -> {
        if ((connector.getProtocolHandler() instanceof AbstractHttp11Protocol<?>)) {
            ((AbstractHttp11Protocol<?>) connector.getProtocolHandler()).setMaxSwallowSize(-1);
        }
    });
    return tomcat;
}

配置文件修改

# 禁用 thymeleaf 缓存
spring.thymeleaf.cache=false
# 是否支持批量上传   (默认值 true)
spring.servlet.multipart.enabled=true
# 上传文件的临时目录 (一般情况下不用特意修改)
spring.servlet.multipart.location=
# 上传文件最大为 1M (默认值 1M 根据自身业务自行控制即可)
spring.servlet.multipart.max-file-size=10MB
# 上传请求最大为 10M(默认值10M 根据自身业务自行控制即可)
spring.servlet.multipart.max-request-size=10MB
# 文件大小阈值,当大于这个阈值时将写入到磁盘,否则存在内存中,(默认值0 一般情况下不用特意修改)
spring.servlet.multipart.file-size-threshold=0
# 判断是否要延迟解析文件(相当于懒加载,一般情况下不用特意修改)
spring.servlet.multipart.resolve-lazily=false

file.upload.path: /file/upload

单文件上传

@PostMapping("/upload")
public Map<String, String> upload(@RequestParam MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
    //创建本地文件
    File localFile = new File(path, file.getOriginalFilename());
    //把传上来的文件写到本地文件
    file.transferTo(localFile);
    //返回localFile文件路径
    Map<String, String> path = new HashMap<>();
    path.put("path", localFile.getAbsolutePath());
    return path;
}

这时候系统将会出现FileNotFoundException,日志类似下面这样:

java.io.FileNotFoundException:C:\Users\cheng\AppData\Local\Temp\tomcat.7543349588424487992.9000\work\Tomcat\localhost\ROOT\file\upload\tmp\file\upload\1558332190813.jpg (系统找不到指定的路径。)

这是什么原因呢?可以进入transferTo方法

@Override
public void transferTo(File dest) throws IOException, IllegalStateException {
    this.part.write(dest.getPath());
    if (dest.isAbsolute() && !dest.exists()) {
        // Servlet 3.0 Part.write is not guaranteed to support absolute file paths:
        // may translate the given path to a relative location within a temp dir
        // (e.g. on Jetty whereas Tomcat and Undertow detect absolute paths).
        // At least we offloaded the file from memory storage; it'll get deleted
        // from the temp dir eventually in any case. And for our user's purposes,
        // we can manually copy it to the requested location as a fallback.
        FileCopyUtils.copy(this.part.getInputStream(),         Files.newOutputStream(dest.toPath()));
    }
}

而后我们再进入write方法

@Override
public void write(String fileName) throws IOException {
    File file = new File(fileName);
    if (!file.isAbsolute()) {
        file = new File(location, fileName);
    }
    try {
        fileItem.write(file);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IOException(e);
    }
}

这时候我们看到如果file.isAbsolute()成立,也就是我们没有使用绝对路径,那么file = new File(location,fileName);会在原来的基础上加上location路径.这就是原因所在,可以通过修改绝对路径解决

  1. 直接将file.upload.path修改为绝对路径即可
  2. 在代码中控制

        @PostMapping("/upload")
        public Map<String, String> upload(@RequestParam MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
            //创建本地文件
            String classpath = ResourceUtils.getURL("classpath:").getPath();
            File localFile = new File(classpath + path, file.getOriginalFilename());
            //把传上来的文件写到本地文件
            file.transferTo(localFile);
            //返回localFile文件路径
            Map<String, String> path = new HashMap<>();
            path.put("path", localFile.getAbsolutePath());
            return path;
        }

    通过ResourceUtils.getURL("classpath:").getPath()获得项目路径,然后加上设置的相对路径。

    网络上还有一种修改location值的方式,可以看 这篇博客但是我个人使用是一直不可以。

  3. 或者可以不使用transferTo,代码如下

    @PostMapping("/singleFileUpload")
    public String singleFileUpload(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
    byte[] bytes = file.getBytes();
        Path filePath = Paths.get(path + file.getOriginalFilename());
    Files.write(filePath, bytes);
        return file.getOriginalFilename();
    }

    Paths.get所使用的也是绝对路径,如果您在Windows机器上使用了这种路径(从/开始的路径),那么路径将被解释为相对于当前驱动器,例如

    /file/upload/1.txt

    而您的项目位于D盘。那么这条路径就会对应这条完整的路径:

    D:\file\upload\1.txt

为了简便,以下代码均是使用绝对路径。

文件上传控制器编写

多文件上传

@PostMapping("/uploads")
public Map<String, String> uploads(@RequestParam MultipartFile[] files) throws IOException {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    Map<String, String> paths = new HashMap<>();
    for (MultipartFile file : files) {
        //创建本地文件
        File localFile = new File(path, file.getOriginalFilename());
        //把传上来的文件写到本地文件
        file.transferTo(localFile);
        sb.append(localFile.getAbsolutePath()).append(",");
        paths.put(file.getOriginalFilename(), localFile.getAbsolutePath());
    }
    //返回localFile文件路径
    return paths;
}

多文件上传+表单提交

@PostMapping("/uploadsWithForm")
public Map<String, String> uploadsWithForm(@RequestParam String tmpString, @RequestParam MultipartFile[] files) throws IOException {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    Map<String, String> paths = new HashMap<>();
    paths.put("tmpString", tmpString);
    for (MultipartFile file : files) {
        //创建本地文件
        File localFile = new File(path, file.getOriginalFilename());
        //把传上来的文件写到本地文件
        file.transferTo(localFile);
        sb.append(localFile.getAbsolutePath()).append(",");
        paths.put(file.getOriginalFilename(), localFile.getAbsolutePath());
    }
    //返回localFile文件路径
    return paths;
}

多文件上传+Json数据提交

@PostMapping(value = "/uploadsWithJson")
public Map<String, String> uploadsWithJson(@RequestPart("files") MultipartFile[] files, @RequestPart("jsonMap") Map<String, Object> jsonMap) throws IOException {

    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    Map<String, String> paths = new HashMap<>();
    System.out.println(jsonMap);
    for (MultipartFile file : files) {
        //创建本地文件
        File localFile = new File(path, file.getOriginalFilename());
        //把传上来的文件写到本地文件
        file.transferTo(localFile);
        sb.append(localFile.getAbsolutePath()).append(",");
        paths.put(file.getOriginalFilename(), localFile.getAbsolutePath());
    }
    paths.put("jsonMap", JsonUtils.obj2json(jsonMap));
    //返回localFile文件路径
    return paths;
}

呵呵,不好用对不对。项目抛出了个异常,HttpMediaTypeNotSupportedException

WARN  o.s.w.s.m.support.DefaultHandlerExceptionResolver - Resolved [org.springframework.web.HttpMediaTypeNotSupportedException: Content type 'application/octet-stream' not supported]

所以我们需要添加个转换器类

@Component
public class MultipartJackson2HttpMessageConverter extends AbstractJackson2HttpMessageConverter {

    /**
     * Converter for support http request with header Content-Type: multipart/form-data
     */
    public MultipartJackson2HttpMessageConverter(ObjectMapper objectMapper) {
        super(objectMapper, MediaType.APPLICATION_OCTET_STREAM);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean canWrite(Class<?> clazz, MediaType mediaType) {
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean canWrite(Type type, Class<?> clazz, MediaType mediaType) {
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean canWrite(MediaType mediaType) {
        return false;
    }
}

这样就能够识别了

总结

感觉把springboot文件上传所能遇到的坑全踩了个变,心累。

如果需要项目代码,可以去我的github中下载;具体代码可以查看file.upload目录

作者:荔枝