redis分布式锁小试,SpringBoot CGLIB AOP解决Spring事务,对象调用自己方法事务失效.

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2019-5-13

一、场景

  项目A监听mq中的其他项目的部署消息(包括push_seq, status, environment,timestamp等),然后将部署消息同步到数据库中(项目X在对应环境[environment]上部署的push_seq[项目X的版本])。那么问题来了,mq中加入包含了两个部署消息 dm1 和 dm2,dm2的push_seq > dm1的push_seq,在分布式的情况下,dm1 和 dm2可能会分别被消费(也就是并行),那么在同步数据库的时候可能会发生 dm1 的数据保存 后于 dm2的数据保存,导致保存项目的部署信息发生异常。

二、解决思路

  将mq消息的并行消费变成串行消费,这里借助redis分布式锁来完成。同一个服务在分布式的状态下,监听到mq消息后,触发方法的执行,执行之前(通过spring aop around来做的)首先获得redis的一个分布式锁,获取锁成功之后才能执行相关的逻辑以及数据库的保存,最后释放锁。

三、主要代码

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Inherited;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

/**
* @author: hujunzheng
* @create: 17/9/29 下午2:49
*/
@Target({ElementType.METHOD})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Inherited
public @interface RedisLock {
    /**
     * redis的key
     * @return
     */
    String value();
    /**
     * 持锁时间,单位毫秒,默认一分钟
     */
    long keepMills() default 60000;
    /**
     * 当获取失败时候动作
     */
    LockFailAction action() default LockFailAction.GIVEUP;
    
    public enum LockFailAction{
        /**
         * 放弃
         */
        GIVEUP,
        /**
         * 继续
         */
        CONTINUE;
    }
    /**
     * 睡眠时间,设置GIVEUP忽略此项
     * @return
     */
    long sleepMills() default 500;
}
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.aspectj.lang.reflect.MethodSignature;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
* @author: hujunzheng
* @create: 17/9/29 下午2:49
*/
@Component
@Aspect
public class RedisLockAspect {
    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(RedisLockAspect.class);

    @Autowired
    private RedisCacheTemplate.RedisLockOperation redisLockOperation;

    @Pointcut("execution(* com.hjzgg..StargateDeployMessageConsumer.consumeStargateDeployMessage(..))" +
            "&& @annotation(me.ele.api.portal.service.redis.RedisLock)")
    private void lockPoint(){}

    @Around("lockPoint()")
    public Object arround(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) throws Throwable{
        MethodSignature methodSignature = (MethodSignature) pjp.getSignature();
        Method method = methodSignature.getMethod();
        RedisLock lockInfo = method.getAnnotation(RedisLock.class);
        
     /*
         String lockKey = lockInfo.value();
         if (method.getParameters().length == 1 && pjp.getArgs()[0] instanceof DeployMessage) {
            DeployMessage deployMessage = (DeployMessage) pjp.getArgs()[0];
            lockKey += deployMessage.getEnv();
            System.out.println(lockKey);
         }
     */
        boolean lock = false;
        Object obj = null;
        while(!lock){
            long timestamp = System.currentTimeMillis()+lockInfo.keepMills();
            lock = setNX(lockInfo.value(), timestamp);
            //得到锁,已过期并且成功设置后旧的时间戳依然是过期的,可以认为获取到了锁(成功设置防止锁竞争)
            long now = System.currentTimeMillis();
            if(lock || ((now > getLock(lockInfo.value())) && (now > getSet(lockInfo.value(), timestamp)))){
                log.info("得到redis分布式锁...");
                obj = pjp.proceed();
                if(lockInfo.action().equals(RedisLock.LockFailAction.CONTINUE)){
                    releaseLock(lockInfo.value());
                }
            }else{
                if(lockInfo.action().equals(RedisLock.LockFailAction.CONTINUE)){
                    log.info("稍后重新请求redis分布式锁...");
                    Thread.currentThread().sleep(lockInfo.sleepMills());
                }else{
                    log.info("放弃redis分布式锁...");
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        return obj;
    }
    private boolean setNX(String key,Long value){
        return redisLockOperation.setNX(key, value);
    }
    private long getLock(String key){
        return redisLockOperation.get(key);
    }
    private Long getSet(String key,Long value){
        return redisLockOperation.getSet(key, value);
    }
    private void releaseLock(String key){
        redisLockOperation.delete(key);
    }


    @Pointcut(value = "execution(* me.ele..StargateBuildMessageConsumer.consumeStargateBuildMessage(me.ele.api.portal.service.mq.dto.BuildMessage)) && args(buildMessage)" +
            "&& @annotation(me.ele.api.portal.service.redis.RedisLock)", argNames = "buildMessage")
    private void buildMessageLockPoint(BuildMessage buildMessage){}

    @Around(value = "buildMessageLockPoint(buildMessage)", argNames = "pjp,buildMessage")
    public Object buildMessageAround(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp, BuildMessage buildMessage) throws Throwable {
        final String LOCK = buildMessage.getAppId() + buildMessage.getPushSequence();
        Lock lock = redisLockRegistry.obtain(LOCK);
        try {
            lock.lock();
            return pjp.proceed();
        } finally {
            try {
                lock.unlock();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error("buildMessage={}, Lock {} unlock failed. {}", buildMessage, lock, e);
            }
        }
    }

}

四、遇到的问题

  

  

  开始是将锁加到deploy的方法上的,但是一直aop一直没有作用,换到consumeStargateDeployMessage方法上就可以了。考虑了一下是因为 @Transactional的原因。这里注意下。

   在一篇文章中找到了原因:SpringBoot CGLIB AOP解决Spring事务,对象调用自己方法事务失效.

  只要脱离了Spring容器管理的所有对象,对于SpringAOP的注解都会失效,因为他们不是Spring容器的代理类,SpringAOP,就切入不了。也就是说是 @Transactional注解方法的代理对象并不是spring代理对象。

  参考: 关于proxy模式下,@Transactional标签在创建代理对象时的应用

五、使用spring-redis中的RedisLockRegistry

import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;
import org.springframework.integration.redis.util.RedisLockRegistry;

@Bean
public RedisLockRegistry redisLockRegistry(@Value("${xxx.xxxx.registry}") String redisRegistryKey,
                                           RedisTemplate redisTemplate) {
    return new RedisLockRegistry(redisTemplate.getConnectionFactory(), redisRegistryKey, 200000);
}

Lock lock = redisLockRegistry.obtain(appId);

lock.tryLock(180, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
....
lock.unlock();  

六、参考

  其他工具类,请参考这里

七、springboot LockRegistry

  

      分布式锁-RedisLockRegistry源码分析[转]

import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Ignore;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.jedis.JedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.integration.redis.util.RedisLockRegistry;
import redis.clients.jedis.JedisShardInfo;


@Ignore
public class RedisLockTest {

  private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(RedisLockTest.class);
  private static final String LOCK = "xxx.xxx";
  private RedisLockRegistry redisLockRegistry;

  @Before
  public void setUp() {
    JedisShardInfo shardInfo = new JedisShardInfo("127.0.0.1");
    JedisConnectionFactory factory = new JedisConnectionFactory(shardInfo);
    redisLockRegistry = new RedisLockRegistry(factory, "test", 50L);
  }

  private class TaskA implements Runnable {

    @Override
    public void run() {
      try {
        Thread.sleep(1000);
      } catch (InterruptedException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
      }
      Lock lock = redisLockRegistry.obtain(LOCK);
      try {
        lock.lock();
        LOGGER.info("Lock {} is obtained", lock);
        Thread.sleep(10);
        lock.unlock();
        LOGGER.info("Lock {} is unlocked", lock);
      } catch (Exception ex) {
        LOGGER.error("Lock {} unlock failed", lock, ex);
      }
    }
  }

  private class TimeoutTask implements Runnable {

    @Override
    public void run() {
      Lock lock = redisLockRegistry.obtain(LOCK);
      try {
        lock.lock();
        LOGGER.info("Lock {} is obtained", lock);
        Thread.sleep(5000);
        lock.unlock();
        LOGGER.info("Lock {} is unlocked", lock);
      } catch (Exception ex) {
        LOGGER.error("Lock {} unlock failed", lock, ex);
      }
    }
  }

  @Test
  public void test() throws InterruptedException, TimeoutException {
    ExecutorService service = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(2);
    service.execute(new TimeoutTask());
    service.execute(new TaskA());
    service.shutdown();
    if (!service.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES)) {
      throw new TimeoutException();
    }
  }
}

 

作者:胡峻峥