Spring AOP实现统一日志输出

Java框架

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2019-5-4

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目的:

统一日志输出格式

思路:

1、针对不同的调用场景定义不同的注解,目前想的是接口层和服务层。

2、我设想的接口层和服务层的区别在于:

  (1)接口层可以打印客户端IP,而服务层不需要

  (2)接口层的异常需要统一处理并返回,而服务层的异常只需要向上抛出即可

3、就像Spring中的@Controller、@Service、@Repository注解那样,虽然作用是一样的,但是不同的注解用在不同的地方显得很清晰,层次感一下就出来了

4、AOP去拦截特定注解的方法调用

5、为了简化使用者的操作,采用Spring Boot自动配置

1. 注解定义

package com.cjs.example.annotation;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Target({ElementType.METHOD})
public @interface SystemControllerLog {

    String description() default "";

    boolean async() default false;

}
package com.cjs.example.annotation;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Target({ElementType.METHOD})
public @interface SystemServiceLog {

    String description() default "";

    boolean async() default false;

}

2. 定义一个类包含所有需要输出的字段

package com.cjs.example.service;

import lombok.Data;
import java.io.Serializable;

@Data
public class SystemLogStrategy implements Serializable {

    private boolean async;

    private String threadId;

    private String location;

    private String description;

    private String className;

    private String methodName;

    private String arguments;

    private String result;

    private Long elapsedTime;


    public String format() {
        return "线程ID: {}, 注解位置: {}, 方法描述: {}, 目标类名: {}, 目标方法: {}, 调用参数: {}, 返回结果: {}, 花费时间: {}";
    }

    public Object[] args() {
        return new Object[]{this.threadId, this.location, this.description, this.className, this.methodName, this.arguments, this.result, this.elapsedTime};
    }

}

3. 定义切面

package com.cjs.example.aspect;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.cjs.example.annotation.SystemControllerLog;
import com.cjs.example.annotation.SystemRpcLog;
import com.cjs.example.annotation.SystemServiceLog;
import com.cjs.example.enums.AnnotationTypeEnum;
import com.cjs.example.service.SystemLogStrategy;
import com.cjs.example.util.JsonUtil;
import com.cjs.example.util.ThreadUtil;
import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.Signature;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;

@Aspect
public class SystemLogAspect {

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SystemLogAspect.class);

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SystemLogAspect.class);

    @Pointcut("execution(* com.ourhours..*(..)) && !execution(* com.ourhours.logging..*(..))")
    public void pointcut() {

    }

    @Around("pointcut()")
    public Object doInvoke(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) {
        long start = System.currentTimeMillis();

        Object result = null;

        try {
            result = pjp.proceed();
        } catch (Throwable throwable) {
            throwable.printStackTrace();
            LOG.error(throwable.getMessage(), throwable);
            throw new RuntimeException(throwable);
        } finally {
            long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
            long elapsedTime = end - start;

            printLog(pjp, result, elapsedTime);

        }

        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 打印日志
     * @param pjp   连接点
     * @param result    方法调用返回结果
     * @param elapsedTime   方法调用花费时间
     */
    private void printLog(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp, Object result, long elapsedTime) {
        SystemLogStrategy strategy = getFocus(pjp);

        if (null != strategy) {
            strategy.setThreadId(ThreadUtil.getThreadId());
            strategy.setResult(JsonUtil.toJSONString(result));
            strategy.setElapsedTime(elapsedTime);
            if (strategy.isAsync()) {
                new Thread(()->LOG.info(strategy.format(), strategy.args())).start();
            }else {
                LOG.info(strategy.format(), strategy.args());
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获取注解
     */
    private SystemLogStrategy getFocus(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) {
        Signature signature = pjp.getSignature();
        String className = signature.getDeclaringTypeName();
        String methodName = signature.getName();
        Object[] args = pjp.getArgs();
        String targetClassName = pjp.getTarget().getClass().getName();
        try {
            Class<?> clazz = Class.forName(targetClassName);
            Method[] methods = clazz.getMethods();
            for (Method method : methods) {
                if (methodName.equals(method.getName())) {
                    if (args.length == method.getParameterCount()) {

                        SystemLogStrategy strategy = new SystemLogStrategy();
                        strategy.setClassName(className);
                        strategy.setMethodName(methodName);

                        SystemControllerLog systemControllerLog = method.getAnnotation(SystemControllerLog.class);
                        if (null != systemControllerLog) {
                            strategy.setArguments(JsonUtil.toJSONString(args));
                            strategy.setDescription(systemControllerLog.description());
                            strategy.setAsync(systemControllerLog.async());
                            strategy.setLocation(AnnotationTypeEnum.CONTROLLER.getName());
                            return strategy;
                        }
                        SystemServiceLog systemServiceLog = method.getAnnotation(SystemServiceLog.class);
                        if (null != systemServiceLog) {
                            strategy.setArguments(JsonUtil.toJSONString(args));
                            strategy.setDescription(systemServiceLog.description());
                            strategy.setAsync(systemServiceLog.async());
                            strategy.setLocation(AnnotationTypeEnum.SERVICE.getName());
                            return strategy;
                        }
                        
                        return null;
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            LOG.error(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        return null;
    }

}

4. 配置

PS:

这里也可以用组件扫描,执行在Aspect上加@Component注解即可,但是这样的话有个问题。

就是,如果你的这个Aspect所在包不是Spring Boot启动类所在的包或者子包下就需要指定@ComponentScan,因为Spring Boot默认只扫描和启动类同一级或者下一级包。

package com.cjs.example.config;

import com.cjs.example.aspect.SystemLogAspect;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.AutoConfigureOrder;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionalOnClass;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionalOnMissingBean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.EnableAspectJAutoProxy;

@Configuration
@AutoConfigureOrder(2147483647)
@EnableAspectJAutoProxy(proxyTargetClass = true)
@ConditionalOnClass(SystemLogAspect.class)
@ConditionalOnMissingBean(SystemLogAspect.class)
public class SystemLogAutoConfiguration {

    @Bean
    public SystemLogAspect systemLogAspect() {
        return new SystemLogAspect();
    }
}

5. 自动配置(resources/META-INF/spring.factories)

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration=com.ourhours.logging.config.SystemLogAutoConfiguration

6. 其它工具类

6.1. 获取客户端IP

package com.cjs.example.util;

import org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextHolder;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.ServletRequestAttributes;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

public class HttpContextUtils {

    public static HttpServletRequest getHttpServletRequest() {
        ServletRequestAttributes servletRequestAttributes = (ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder.getRequestAttributes();
        return servletRequestAttributes.getRequest();
    }

    public static String getIpAddress() {
        HttpServletRequest request = getHttpServletRequest();
        String ip = request.getHeader("X-Forwarded-For");
        if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
            if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
                ip = request.getHeader("Proxy-Client-IP");
            }
            if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
                ip = request.getHeader("WL-Proxy-Client-IP");
            }
            if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
                ip = request.getHeader("HTTP_CLIENT_IP");
            }
            if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
                ip = request.getHeader("HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR");
            }
            if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
                ip = request.getRemoteAddr();
            }
        }else if (ip != null && ip.length() > 15) {
            String[] ips = ip.split(",");
            for (int index = 0; index < ips.length; index++) {
                String strIp = (String) ips[index];
                if (!("unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(strIp))) {
                    ip = strIp;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        return ip;
    }
}

6.2. 格式化成JSON字符串

package com.cjs.example.util;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.serializer.SerializerFeature;

public class JsonUtil {

    public static String toJSONString(Object object) {
        return JSON.toJSONString(object, SerializerFeature.DisableCircularReferenceDetect);
    }

}

6.3. 存取线程ID

package com.cjs.example.util;

import java.util.UUID;

public class ThreadUtil {

    private static final ThreadLocal<String> threadLocal = new ThreadLocal<>();

    public static String getThreadId() {
        String threadId = threadLocal.get();
        if (null == threadId) {
            threadId = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
            threadLocal.set(threadId);
        }
        return threadId;
    }

}

7. 同时还提供静态方法

package com.cjs.example;

import com.cjs.example.util.JsonUtil;
import com.cjs.example.util.ThreadUtil;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class Log {

    private static Logger LOGGER = null;

    private static class SingletonHolder{
        public static Log instance = new Log();
    }

    private Log(){}

    public static Log getInstance(Class<?> clazz){
        LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(clazz);
        return SingletonHolder.instance;
    }

    public void info(String description, Object args, Object result) {
        LOGGER.info("线程ID: {}, 方法描述: {}, 调用参数: {}, 返回结果: {}", ThreadUtil.getThreadId(), description, JsonUtil.toJSONString(args), JsonUtil.toJSONString(result));
    }

    public void error(String description, Object args, Object result, Throwable t) {
        LOGGER.error("线程ID: {}, 方法描述: {}, 调用参数: {}, 返回结果: {}", ThreadUtil.getThreadId(), description, JsonUtil.toJSONString(args), JsonUtil.toJSONString(result), t);
    }

}

8. pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.cjs.example</groupId>
    <artifactId>cjs-logging</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>cjs-logging</name>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.2.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <aspectj.version>1.8.13</aspectj.version>
        <servlet.version>4.0.0</servlet.version>
        <slf4j.version>1.7.25</slf4j.version>
        <fastjson.version>1.2.47</fastjson.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-autoconfigure</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>${servlet.version}</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>${aspectj.version}</version>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>${fastjson.version}</version>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.7.0</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                    <encoding>UTF8</encoding>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-source-plugin</artifactId>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <id>attach-sources</id>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>jar</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

8. 工程结构

 

作者:不要乱摸