使用Log4j日志处理

Java基础

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2019-2-2

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Springboot日志默认使用的是logback,本文将介绍将springboot项目日志修改为log4j。

首先要将默认的日志依赖排除,然后引用log4j,pom文件代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.dalaoyang</groupId>
    <artifactId>springboot_log4j</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>springboot_log4j</name>
    <description>springboot_log4j</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.9.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupI>
                    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-logging</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.2.RELEASE</version>
            <type>pom</type>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>

引用log4j之后,在resources加入log4j配置即可,下面是本人之前项目的log4j.properties内容,代码如下:

log4j.rootLogger=debug,CONSOLE,FILE

##输出到控制台
log4j.appender.CONSOLE=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.Threshold=DEBUG
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH\:mm\:ss} -%-4r [%t] %-5p  %x - %m%n
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.Target=System.out
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.Encoding=gbk
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout


##输出到日志文件 每10M分成一个日志文件
log4j.appender.FILE=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.FILE.File=/Users/dalaoyang/Downloads/log
log4j.appender.FILE.DatePattern = '_'yyyy-MM-dd-HH-mm'.log'
log4j.appender.FILE.MaxFileSize=10MB
log4j.appender.FILE.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.FILE.layout.ConversionPattern=%d%n%m%n



简单讲解一下:
CONSOLE里面是输出到控制台的日志
FILE是输入到日志文件的日志,日志是按照大小分的,最大为10M,
每小时一个日志文件。

源码下载 :大老杨码云

原文地址:https://www.jianshu.com/p/8708105951ba

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