HttpClientUtil

java

浏览数:259

2019-1-13


HttpClientUtil.java

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.net.ssl.HostnameVerifier;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSession;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.HttpStatus;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContextBuilder;
import org.apache.http.ssl.TrustStrategy;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

public class HttpClientUtil {
    private static PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager connMgr;
    private static RequestConfig requestConfig;
    private static final int MAX_TIMEOUT = 7000;

    static {
        // 设置连接池
        connMgr = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager();
        // 设置连接池大小
        connMgr.setMaxTotal(100);
        connMgr.setDefaultMaxPerRoute(connMgr.getMaxTotal());
        connMgr.setValidateAfterInactivity(1);

        RequestConfig.Builder configBuilder = RequestConfig.custom();
        // 设置连接超时
        configBuilder.setConnectTimeout(MAX_TIMEOUT);
        // 设置读取超时
        configBuilder.setSocketTimeout(MAX_TIMEOUT);
        // 设置从连接池获取连接实例的超时
        configBuilder.setConnectionRequestTimeout(MAX_TIMEOUT);
        requestConfig = configBuilder.build();
    }

    /**
     * 发送 GET 请求(HTTP),不带输入数据
     * 
     * @param url
     * @return
     */
    public static String doGet(String url) {
        return doGet(url, new HashMap<String, Object>());
    }

    /**
     * 发送 GET 请求(HTTP),K-V形式
     * 
     * @param url
     * @param params
     * @return
     */
    public static String doGet(String url, Map<String, Object> params) {
        String apiUrl = url;
        StringBuffer param = new StringBuffer();
        int i = 0;
        for (String key : params.keySet()) {
            if (i == 0)
                param.append("?");
            else
                param.append("&");
            param.append(key).append("=").append(params.get(key));
            i++;
        }
        apiUrl += param;
        String result = null;
        CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        try {
            HttpGet httpPost = new HttpGet(apiUrl);
            HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httpPost);
            int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();

            System.out.println("执行状态码 : " + statusCode);

            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            if (entity != null) {
                InputStream instream = entity.getContent();
                result = IOUtils.toString(instream, "UTF-8");
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 发送 POST 请求(HTTP),不带输入数据
     * 
     * @param apiUrl
     * @return
     */
    public static String doPost(String apiUrl) {
        return doPost(apiUrl, new HashMap<String, Object>());
    }

    /**
     * 发送 POST 请求(HTTP),K-V形式
     * 
     * @param apiUrl
     *            API接口URL
     * @param params
     *            参数map
     * @return
     */
    public static String doPost(String apiUrl, Map<String, Object> params) {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        String httpStr = null;
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(apiUrl);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;

        try {
            httpPost.setConfig(requestConfig);
            List<NameValuePair> pairList = new ArrayList<>(params.size());
            for (Map.Entry<String, Object> entry : params.entrySet()) {
                NameValuePair pair = new BasicNameValuePair(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue().toString());
                pairList.add(pair);
            }
            httpPost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(pairList, Charset.forName("UTF-8")));
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            System.out.println(response.toString());
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            httpStr = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "UTF-8");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (response != null) {
                try {
                    EntityUtils.consume(response.getEntity());
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return httpStr;
    }

    /**
     * 发送 POST 请求(HTTP),JSON形式
     * 
     * @param apiUrl
     * @param json
     *            json对象
     * @return
     */
    public static String doPost(String apiUrl, Object json) {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        String httpStr = null;
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(apiUrl);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;

        try {
            httpPost.setConfig(requestConfig);
            StringEntity stringEntity = new StringEntity(json.toString(), "UTF-8");// 解决中文乱码问题
            stringEntity.setContentEncoding("UTF-8");
            stringEntity.setContentType("application/json");
            httpPost.setEntity(stringEntity);
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            System.out.println(response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode());
            httpStr = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "UTF-8");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (response != null) {
                try {
                    EntityUtils.consume(response.getEntity());
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return httpStr;
    }

    /**
     * 发送 SSL POST 请求(HTTPS),K-V形式
     * 
     * @param apiUrl
     *            API接口URL
     * @param params
     *            参数map
     * @return
     */
    public static String doPostSSL(String apiUrl, Map<String, Object> params) {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.custom().setSSLSocketFactory(createSSLConnSocketFactory())
                .setConnectionManager(connMgr).setDefaultRequestConfig(requestConfig).build();
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(apiUrl);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        String httpStr = null;

        try {
            httpPost.setConfig(requestConfig);
            List<NameValuePair> pairList = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>(params.size());
            for (Map.Entry<String, Object> entry : params.entrySet()) {
                NameValuePair pair = new BasicNameValuePair(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue().toString());
                pairList.add(pair);
            }
            httpPost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(pairList, Charset.forName("utf-8")));
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
            if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
                return null;
            }
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            if (entity == null) {
                return null;
            }
            httpStr = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (response != null) {
                try {
                    EntityUtils.consume(response.getEntity());
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return httpStr;
    }

    /**
     * 发送 SSL POST 请求(HTTPS),JSON形式
     * 
     * @param apiUrl
     *            API接口URL
     * @param json
     *            JSON对象
     * @return
     */
    public static String doPostSSL(String apiUrl, Object json) {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.custom().setSSLSocketFactory(createSSLConnSocketFactory())
                .setConnectionManager(connMgr).setDefaultRequestConfig(requestConfig).build();
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(apiUrl);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        String httpStr = null;

        try {
            httpPost.setConfig(requestConfig);
            StringEntity stringEntity = new StringEntity(json.toString(), "UTF-8");// 解决中文乱码问题
            stringEntity.setContentEncoding("UTF-8");
            stringEntity.setContentType("application/json");
            httpPost.setEntity(stringEntity);
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
            if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
                return null;
            }
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            if (entity == null) {
                return null;
            }
            httpStr = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (response != null) {
                try {
                    EntityUtils.consume(response.getEntity());
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return httpStr;
    }

    /**
     * 创建SSL安全连接
     *
     * @return
     */
    private static SSLConnectionSocketFactory createSSLConnSocketFactory() {
        SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = null;
        try {
            SSLContext sslContext = new SSLContextBuilder().loadTrustMaterial(null, new TrustStrategy() {

                public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
                    return true;
                }
            }).build();
            sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(sslContext, new HostnameVerifier() {

                @Override
                public boolean verify(String arg0, SSLSession arg1) {
                    return true;
                }

            });
        } catch (GeneralSecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return sslsf;
    }

    /**
     * 获取Https 请求客户端
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public static CloseableHttpClient createSSLInsecureClient() {
        SSLContext sslcontext = createSSLContext();
        SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(sslcontext, new HostnameVerifier() {

            @Override
            public boolean verify(String arg0, SSLSession arg1) {
                return true;
            }

        });
        CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom().setSSLSocketFactory(sslsf).build();
        return httpclient;
    }

    /**
     * 获取初始化SslContext
     * 
     * @return
     */
    private static SSLContext createSSLContext() {
        SSLContext sslcontext = null;
        try {
            sslcontext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
            sslcontext.init(null, new TrustManager[] { new TrustAnyTrustManager() }, new SecureRandom());
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (KeyManagementException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return sslcontext;
    }

    /**
     * 自定义静态私有类
     */
    private static class TrustAnyTrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
        }

        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
        }

        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return new X509Certificate[] {};
        }
    }
}