java多线程下载文件和断点下载

java

浏览数:935

2019-1-8

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.RandomAccessFile;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;

import javax.print.attribute.standard.Finishings;

public class MultiDownload {

    static int ThreadCount = 3;       //代表3个进程
    static int finishedThread = 0;   //记录文件下完的数字
    //确定下载地址
    static String path = "http://192.168.13.13:8080/QQPlayer.exe";
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        
        //发送get请求,请求这个地址的资源
        try {
            URL url = new URL(path);
            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
            conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);
            conn.setReadTimeout(5000);
            
            if(conn.getResponseCode() == 200){
                //拿到所请求资源文件的长度
                int length = conn.getContentLength();
                
                File file = new File("QQPlayer.exe");
                //生成临时文件
                RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rwd");
                //设置临时文件的大小
                raf.setLength(length);
                raf.close();
                //计算出每个线程应该下载多少字节
                int size = length / ThreadCount;
                
                for (int i = 0; i < ThreadCount; i++) {
                    //计算线程下载的开始位置和结束位置
                    int startIndex = i * size;
                    int endIndex = (i + 1) * size - 1;
                    //如果是最后一个线程,那么结束位置写死
                    if(i == ThreadCount - 1){
                        endIndex = length - 1;
                    }
//                  System.out.println("线程" + i + "的下载区间是:" + startIndex + "---" + endIndex);
                    new DownLoadThread(startIndex, endIndex, i).start();
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    
}
class DownLoadThread extends Thread{
    int startIndex;
    int endIndex;
    int threadId;
    
    public DownLoadThread(int startIndex, int endIndex, int threadId) {
        super();
        this.startIndex = startIndex;
        this.endIndex = endIndex;
        this.threadId = threadId;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        //再次发送http请求,下载原文件
        try {
            File progressFile = new File(threadId + ".txt");
            //判断进度临时文件是否存在
            if(progressFile.exists()){
                FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(progressFile);
                BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(fis));
                //从进度临时文件中读取出上一次下载的总进度,然后与原本的开始位置相加,得到新的开始位置
                startIndex += Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
                fis.close();
            }
            System.out.println("线程" + threadId + "的下载区间是:" + startIndex + "---" + endIndex);
            HttpURLConnection conn;
            URL url = new URL(MultiDownload.path);
            conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
            conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);
            conn.setReadTimeout(5000);
            //设置本次http请求所请求的数据的区间
            conn.setRequestProperty("Range", "bytes=" + startIndex + "-" + endIndex);
            
            //请求部分数据,相应码是206
            if(conn.getResponseCode() == 206){
                //流里此时只有1/3原文件的数据
                InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();
                byte[] b = new byte[1024];
                int len = 0;
                int total = 0;
                //拿到临时文件的输出流
                File file = new File("QQPlayer.exe");
                RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rwd");
                //把文件的写入位置移动至startIndex
                raf.seek(startIndex);
                while((len = is.read(b)) != -1){
                    //每次读取流里数据之后,同步把数据写入临时文件
                    raf.write(b, 0, len);
                    total += len;
//                  System.out.println("线程" + threadId + "下载了" + total);
                    
                    //生成一个专门用来记录下载进度的临时文件
                    RandomAccessFile progressRaf = new RandomAccessFile(progressFile, "rwd");
                    //每次读取流里数据之后,同步把当前线程下载的总进度写入进度临时文件中
                    progressRaf.write((total + "").getBytes());
                    progressRaf.close();
                }
                System.out.println("线程" + threadId + "下载完毕-------------------小志参上!");
                raf.close();
                
                //把记录进程的文件删除    必须3个进程全部都下载完成后才可以删除
                MultiDownload.finishedThread++;
                synchronized (MultiDownload.path) {  //有线程安全问题,静态变量为唯一的
                    if(MultiDownload.finishedThread == MultiDownload.ThreadCount){
                        for (int i = 0; i < MultiDownload.ThreadCount; i++) {
                            File f = new File(i + ".txt");
                            f.delete();
                        }
                        MultiDownload.finishedThread = 0;
                    }
                }
                
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}