图片操作类.cs

csharp

浏览数:203

2019-1-8

AD:资源代下载服务
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System.IO;

namespace SZJLibrary
{
    public class ImageClass
    {
        #region 缩略图

        /// <summary>
        /// 生成缩略图
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="originalImagePath">源图路径(物理路径)</param>
        /// <param name="thumbnailPath">缩略图路径(物理路径)</param>
        /// <param name="width">缩略图宽度</param>
        /// <param name="height">缩略图高度</param>
        /// <param name="mode">生成缩略图的方式</param>    
        public static void MakeThumbnail(string originalImagePath, string thumbnailPath, int width, int height,
            string mode)
        {
            Image originalImage = Image.FromFile(originalImagePath);

            int towidth = width;
            int toheight = height;

            int x = 0;
            int y = 0;
            int ow = originalImage.Width;
            int oh = originalImage.Height;

            switch (mode)
            {
                case "HW": //指定高宽缩放(可能变形)                
                    break;
                case "W": //指定宽,高按比例                    
                    toheight = originalImage.Height * width / originalImage.Width;
                    break;
                case "H": //指定高,宽按比例
                    towidth = originalImage.Width * height / originalImage.Height;
                    break;
                case "Cut": //指定高宽裁减(不变形)                
                    if (originalImage.Width / (double)originalImage.Height > towidth / (double)toheight)
                    {
                        oh = originalImage.Height;
                        ow = originalImage.Height * towidth / toheight;
                        y = 0;
                        x = (originalImage.Width - ow) / 2;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        ow = originalImage.Width;
                        oh = originalImage.Width * height / towidth;
                        x = 0;
                        y = (originalImage.Height - oh) / 2;
                    }
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
            }

            //新建一个bmp图片
            Image bitmap = new Bitmap(towidth, toheight);

            //新建一个画板
            Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(bitmap);

            //设置高质量插值法
            g.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.High;

            //设置高质量,低速度呈现平滑程度
            g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;

            //清空画布并以透明背景色填充
            g.Clear(Color.Transparent);

            //在指定位置并且按指定大小绘制原图片的指定部分
            g.DrawImage(originalImage, new Rectangle(0, 0, towidth, toheight), new Rectangle(x, y, ow, oh),
                GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

            try
            {
                //以jpg格式保存缩略图
                //bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
                bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath);
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                throw e;
            }
            finally
            {
                originalImage.Dispose();
                bitmap.Dispose();
                g.Dispose();
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 图片水印

        /// <summary>
        /// 图片水印处理方法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">需要加载水印的图片路径(绝对路径)</param>
        /// <param name="waterpath">水印图片(绝对路径)</param>
        /// <param name="location">水印位置(传送正确的代码)</param>
        public static string ImageWatermark(string path, string waterpath, string location)
        {
            string kz_name = Path.GetExtension(path);
            if (kz_name == ".jpg" || kz_name == ".bmp" || kz_name == ".jpeg")
            {
                DateTime time = DateTime.Now;
                string filename = "" + time.Year + time.Month + time.Day + time.Hour + time.Minute + time.Second +
                                  time.Millisecond;
                Image img = Bitmap.FromFile(path);
                Image waterimg = Image.FromFile(waterpath);
                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(img);
                ArrayList loca = GetLocation(location, img, waterimg);
                g.DrawImage(waterimg,
                    new Rectangle(int.Parse(loca[0].ToString()), int.Parse(loca[1].ToString()), waterimg.Width,
                        waterimg.Height));
                waterimg.Dispose();
                g.Dispose();
                string newpath = Path.GetDirectoryName(path) + filename + kz_name;
                img.Save(newpath);
                img.Dispose();
                File.Copy(newpath, path, true);
                if (File.Exists(newpath))
                {
                    File.Delete(newpath);
                }
            }
            return path;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 图片水印位置处理方法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="location">水印位置</param>
        /// <param name="img">需要添加水印的图片</param>
        /// <param name="waterimg">水印图片</param>
        private static ArrayList GetLocation(string location, Image img, Image waterimg)
        {
            ArrayList loca = new ArrayList();
            int x = 0;
            int y = 0;

            if (location == "LT")
            {
                x = 10;
                y = 10;
            }
            else if (location == "T")
            {
                x = img.Width / 2 - waterimg.Width / 2;
                y = img.Height - waterimg.Height;
            }
            else if (location == "RT")
            {
                x = img.Width - waterimg.Width;
                y = 10;
            }
            else if (location == "LC")
            {
                x = 10;
                y = img.Height / 2 - waterimg.Height / 2;
            }
            else if (location == "C")
            {
                x = img.Width / 2 - waterimg.Width / 2;
                y = img.Height / 2 - waterimg.Height / 2;
            }
            else if (location == "RC")
            {
                x = img.Width - waterimg.Width;
                y = img.Height / 2 - waterimg.Height / 2;
            }
            else if (location == "LB")
            {
                x = 10;
                y = img.Height - waterimg.Height;
            }
            else if (location == "B")
            {
                x = img.Width / 2 - waterimg.Width / 2;
                y = img.Height - waterimg.Height;
            }
            else
            {
                x = img.Width - waterimg.Width;
                y = img.Height - waterimg.Height;
            }
            loca.Add(x);
            loca.Add(y);
            return loca;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 文字水印

        /// <summary>
        /// 文字水印处理方法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">图片路径(绝对路径)</param>
        /// <param name="size">字体大小</param>
        /// <param name="letter">水印文字</param>
        /// <param name="color">颜色</param>
        /// <param name="location">水印位置</param>
        public static string LetterWatermark(string path, int size, string letter, Color color, string location)
        {
            #region

            string kz_name = Path.GetExtension(path);
            if (kz_name == ".jpg" || kz_name == ".bmp" || kz_name == ".jpeg")
            {
                DateTime time = DateTime.Now;
                string filename = "" + time.Year + time.Month + time.Day + time.Hour + time.Minute + time.Second +
                                  time.Millisecond;
                Image img = Bitmap.FromFile(path);
                Graphics gs = Graphics.FromImage(img);
                ArrayList loca = GetLocation(location, img, size, letter.Length);
                Font font = new Font("宋体", size);
                Brush br = new SolidBrush(color);
                gs.DrawString(letter, font, br, float.Parse(loca[0].ToString()), float.Parse(loca[1].ToString()));
                gs.Dispose();
                string newpath = Path.GetDirectoryName(path) + filename + kz_name;
                img.Save(newpath);
                img.Dispose();
                File.Copy(newpath, path, true);
                if (File.Exists(newpath))
                {
                    File.Delete(newpath);
                }
            }
            return path;

            #endregion
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 文字水印位置的方法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="location">位置代码</param>
        /// <param name="img">图片对象</param>
        /// <param name="width">宽(当水印类型为文字时,传过来的就是字体的大小)</param>
        /// <param name="height">高(当水印类型为文字时,传过来的就是字符的长度)</param>
        private static ArrayList GetLocation(string location, Image img, int width, int height)
        {
            #region

            ArrayList loca = new ArrayList(); //定义数组存储位置
            float x = 10;
            float y = 10;

            if (location == "LT")
            {
                loca.Add(x);
                loca.Add(y);
            }
            else if (location == "T")
            {
                x = img.Width / 2 - (width * height) / 2;
                loca.Add(x);
                loca.Add(y);
            }
            else if (location == "RT")
            {
                x = img.Width - width * height;
            }
            else if (location == "LC")
            {
                y = img.Height / 2;
            }
            else if (location == "C")
            {
                x = img.Width / 2 - (width * height) / 2;
                y = img.Height / 2;
            }
            else if (location == "RC")
            {
                x = img.Width - height;
                y = img.Height / 2;
            }
            else if (location == "LB")
            {
                y = img.Height - width - 5;
            }
            else if (location == "B")
            {
                x = img.Width / 2 - (width * height) / 2;
                y = img.Height - width - 5;
            }
            else
            {
                x = img.Width - width * height;
                y = img.Height - width - 5;
            }
            loca.Add(x);
            loca.Add(y);
            return loca;

            #endregion
        }

        #endregion

        #region 调整光暗

        /// <summary>
        /// 调整光暗
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="mybm">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="width">原始图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="height">原始图片的高度</param>
        /// <param name="val">增加或减少的光暗值</param>
        public Bitmap LDPic(Bitmap mybm, int width, int height, int val)
        {
            Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(width, height); //初始化一个记录经过处理后的图片对象
            int x, y, resultR, resultG, resultB; //x、y是循环次数,后面三个是记录红绿蓝三个值的
            Color pixel;
            for (x = 0; x < width; x++)
            {
                for (y = 0; y < height; y++)
                {
                    pixel = mybm.GetPixel(x, y); //获取当前像素的值
                    resultR = pixel.R + val; //检查红色值会不会超出[0, 255]
                    resultG = pixel.G + val; //检查绿色值会不会超出[0, 255]
                    resultB = pixel.B + val; //检查蓝色值会不会超出[0, 255]
                    bm.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(resultR, resultG, resultB)); //绘图
                }
            }
            return bm;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 反色处理

        /// <summary>
        /// 反色处理
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="mybm">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="width">原始图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="height">原始图片的高度</param>
        public Bitmap RePic(Bitmap mybm, int width, int height)
        {
            Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(width, height); //初始化一个记录处理后的图片的对象
            int x, y, resultR, resultG, resultB;
            Color pixel;
            for (x = 0; x < width; x++)
            {
                for (y = 0; y < height; y++)
                {
                    pixel = mybm.GetPixel(x, y); //获取当前坐标的像素值
                    resultR = 255 - pixel.R; //反红
                    resultG = 255 - pixel.G; //反绿
                    resultB = 255 - pixel.B; //反蓝
                    bm.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(resultR, resultG, resultB)); //绘图
                }
            }
            return bm;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 浮雕处理

        /// <summary>
        /// 浮雕处理
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="oldBitmap">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="Width">原始图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="Height">原始图片的高度</param>
        public Bitmap FD(Bitmap oldBitmap, int Width, int Height)
        {
            Bitmap newBitmap = new Bitmap(Width, Height);
            Color color1, color2;
            for (int x = 0; x < Width - 1; x++)
            {
                for (int y = 0; y < Height - 1; y++)
                {
                    int r = 0, g = 0, b = 0;
                    color1 = oldBitmap.GetPixel(x, y);
                    color2 = oldBitmap.GetPixel(x + 1, y + 1);
                    r = Math.Abs(color1.R - color2.R + 128);
                    g = Math.Abs(color1.G - color2.G + 128);
                    b = Math.Abs(color1.B - color2.B + 128);
                    if (r > 255) r = 255;
                    if (r < 0) r = 0;
                    if (g > 255) g = 255;
                    if (g < 0) g = 0;
                    if (b > 255) b = 255;
                    if (b < 0) b = 0;
                    newBitmap.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(r, g, b));
                }
            }
            return newBitmap;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 拉伸图片

        /// <summary>
        /// 拉伸图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bmp">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="newW">新的宽度</param>
        /// <param name="newH">新的高度</param>
        public static Bitmap ResizeImage(Bitmap bmp, int newW, int newH)
        {
            try
            {
                Bitmap bap = new Bitmap(newW, newH);
                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(bap);
                g.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                g.DrawImage(bap, new Rectangle(0, 0, newW, newH), new Rectangle(0, 0, bap.Width, bap.Height),
                    GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                g.Dispose();
                return bap;
            }
            catch
            {
                return null;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 滤色处理

        /// <summary>
        /// 滤色处理
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="mybm">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="width">原始图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="height">原始图片的高度</param>
        public Bitmap FilPic(Bitmap mybm, int width, int height)
        {
            Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(width, height); //初始化一个记录滤色效果的图片对象
            int x, y;
            Color pixel;

            for (x = 0; x < width; x++)
            {
                for (y = 0; y < height; y++)
                {
                    pixel = mybm.GetPixel(x, y); //获取当前坐标的像素值
                    bm.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(0, pixel.G, pixel.B)); //绘图
                }
            }
            return bm;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 左右翻转

        /// <summary>
        /// 左右翻转
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="mybm">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="width">原始图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="height">原始图片的高度</param>
        public Bitmap RevPicLR(Bitmap mybm, int width, int height)
        {
            Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(width, height);
            int x, y, z; //x,y是循环次数,z是用来记录像素点的x坐标的变化的
            Color pixel;
            for (y = height - 1; y >= 0; y--)
            {
                for (x = width - 1, z = 0; x >= 0; x--)
                {
                    pixel = mybm.GetPixel(x, y); //获取当前像素的值
                    bm.SetPixel(z++, y, Color.FromArgb(pixel.R, pixel.G, pixel.B)); //绘图
                }
            }
            return bm;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 上下翻转

        /// <summary>
        /// 上下翻转
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="mybm">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="width">原始图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="height">原始图片的高度</param>
        public Bitmap RevPicUD(Bitmap mybm, int width, int height)
        {
            Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(width, height);
            int x, y, z;
            Color pixel;
            for (x = 0; x < width; x++)
            {
                for (y = height - 1, z = 0; y >= 0; y--)
                {
                    pixel = mybm.GetPixel(x, y); //获取当前像素的值
                    bm.SetPixel(x, z++, Color.FromArgb(pixel.R, pixel.G, pixel.B)); //绘图
                }
            }
            return bm;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 压缩图片

        /// <summary>
        /// 压缩到指定尺寸
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="oldfile">原文件</param>
        /// <param name="newfile">新文件</param>
        public bool Compress(string oldfile, string newfile)
        {
            try
            {
                Image img = Image.FromFile(oldfile);
                ImageFormat thisFormat = img.RawFormat;
                Size newSize = new Size(100, 125);
                Bitmap outBmp = new Bitmap(newSize.Width, newSize.Height);
                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(outBmp);
                g.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
                g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                g.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                g.DrawImage(img, new Rectangle(0, 0, newSize.Width, newSize.Height), 0, 0, img.Width, img.Height,
                    GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                g.Dispose();
                EncoderParameters encoderParams = new EncoderParameters();
                long[] quality = new long[1];
                quality[0] = 100;
                EncoderParameter encoderParam = new EncoderParameter(Encoder.Quality, quality);
                encoderParams.Param[0] = encoderParam;
                ImageCodecInfo[] arrayICI = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
                ImageCodecInfo jpegICI = null;
                for (int x = 0; x < arrayICI.Length; x++)
                    if (arrayICI[x].FormatDescription.Equals("JPEG"))
                    {
                        jpegICI = arrayICI[x]; //设置JPEG编码
                        break;
                    }
                img.Dispose();
                if (jpegICI != null) outBmp.Save(newfile, ImageFormat.Jpeg);
                outBmp.Dispose();
                return true;
            }
            catch
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 图片灰度化

        public Color Gray(Color c)
        {
            int rgb = Convert.ToInt32(((0.3 * c.R) + (0.59 * c.G)) + (0.11 * c.B));
            return Color.FromArgb(rgb, rgb, rgb);
        }

        #endregion

        #region 转换为黑白图片

        /// <summary>
        /// 转换为黑白图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="mybt">要进行处理的图片</param>
        /// <param name="width">图片的长度</param>
        /// <param name="height">图片的高度</param>
        public Bitmap BWPic(Bitmap mybm, int width, int height)
        {
            Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(width, height);
            int x, y, result; //x,y是循环次数,result是记录处理后的像素值
            Color pixel;
            for (x = 0; x < width; x++)
            {
                for (y = 0; y < height; y++)
                {
                    pixel = mybm.GetPixel(x, y); //获取当前坐标的像素值
                    result = (pixel.R + pixel.G + pixel.B) / 3; //取红绿蓝三色的平均值
                    bm.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(result, result, result));
                }
            }
            return bm;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 获取图片中的各帧

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取图片中的各帧
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="pPath">图片路径</param>
        /// <param name="pSavePath">保存路径</param>
        public void GetFrames(string pPath, string pSavedPath)
        {
            Image gif = Image.FromFile(pPath);
            FrameDimension fd = new FrameDimension(gif.FrameDimensionsList[0]);
            int count = gif.GetFrameCount(fd); //获取帧数(gif图片可能包含多帧,其它格式图片一般仅一帧)
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) //以Jpeg格式保存各帧
            {
                gif.SelectActiveFrame(fd, i);
                gif.Save(pSavedPath + "\\frame_" + i + ".jpg", ImageFormat.Jpeg);
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 自动改变大小

        public static void ChangeSize(string originalImagePath, string thumbnailPath, int destWidth, int destHeight)
        {
            Image imgSource = Image.FromFile(originalImagePath);
          //  ImageFormat thisFormat = imgSource.RawFormat;
            int sW = 0, sH = 0;
            // 按比例缩放           
            int sWidth = imgSource.Width;
            int sHeight = imgSource.Height;
            if (sHeight > destHeight || sWidth > destWidth)
            {
                if ((sWidth * destHeight) > (sHeight * destWidth))
                {
                    sW = destWidth;
                    sH = (destWidth * sHeight) / sWidth;
                }
                else
                {
                    sH = destHeight;
                    sW = (sWidth * destHeight) / sHeight;
                }
            }
            else
            {
                sW = sWidth;
                sH = sHeight;
            }

            Bitmap outBmp = new Bitmap(destWidth, destHeight);
            Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(outBmp);
            g.Clear(Color.Transparent);
            // 设置画布的描绘质量         
            g.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
            g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
            g.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
            g.DrawImage(imgSource, new Rectangle((destWidth - sW) / 2, (destHeight - sH) / 2, sW, sH), 0, 0, imgSource.Width,
                imgSource.Height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
            g.Dispose();
            // 以下代码为保存图片时,设置压缩质量     
            EncoderParameters encoderParams = new EncoderParameters();
            long[] quality = new long[1];
            quality[0] = 100;
            EncoderParameter encoderParam = new EncoderParameter(Encoder.Quality, quality);
            encoderParams.Param[0] = encoderParam;
            imgSource.Dispose();
            outBmp.Save(thumbnailPath);
        }
        #endregion

        #region GetPicThumbnail
        /// <summary>
        /// 无损压缩图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sFile">原图片</param>
        /// <param name="dFile">压缩后保存位置</param>
        /// <param name="dHeight">高度</param>
        /// <param name="dWidth">宽度</param>
        /// <param name="flag">压缩质量 1-100</param>
        /// <returns></returns>

        public static bool GetPicThumbnail(string sFile, string dFile, int dHeight, int dWidth, int flag)
        {
            System.Drawing.Image iSource = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(sFile);
            ImageFormat tFormat = iSource.RawFormat;
            int sW = 0, sH = 0;
            //按比例缩放
            Size tem_size = new Size(iSource.Width, iSource.Height);
            if (tem_size.Width > dHeight || tem_size.Width > dWidth)
            {
                if ((tem_size.Width * dHeight) > (tem_size.Height * dWidth))
                {
                    sW = dWidth;
                    sH = (dWidth * tem_size.Height) / tem_size.Width;
                }
                else
                {
                    sH = dHeight;
                    sW = (tem_size.Width * dHeight) / tem_size.Height;
                }
            }
            else
            {
                sW = tem_size.Width;
                sH = tem_size.Height;
            }

            Bitmap ob = new Bitmap(dWidth, dHeight);
            Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(ob);
            g.Clear(Color.WhiteSmoke);
            g.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
            g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
            g.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
            g.DrawImage(iSource, new Rectangle((dWidth - sW) / 2, (dHeight - sH) / 2, sW, sH), 0, 0, iSource.Width, iSource.Height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
            g.Dispose();
            //以下代码为保存图片时,设置压缩质量
            EncoderParameters ep = new EncoderParameters();
            long[] qy = new long[1];
            qy[0] = flag;//设置压缩的比例1-100
            EncoderParameter eParam = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality, qy);
            ep.Param[0] = eParam;
            try
            {
                ImageCodecInfo[] arrayICI = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();

                ImageCodecInfo jpegICIinfo = null;

                for (int x = 0; x < arrayICI.Length; x++)
                {
                    if (arrayICI[x].FormatDescription.Equals("JPEG"))
                    {
                        jpegICIinfo = arrayICI[x];
                        break;
                    }
                }
                if (jpegICIinfo != null)
                {
                    ob.Save(dFile, jpegICIinfo, ep);//dFile是压缩后的新路径
                }
                else
                {
                    ob.Save(dFile, tFormat);
                }
                return true;
            }
            catch
            {
                return false;
            }
            finally
            {
                iSource.Dispose();
                ob.Dispose();

            }
        }
        #endregion

    }
}